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Influence of afforestation on soil: The case of mineral weathering [r-libre/438]

Lafleur, Benoit; Paré, David; Claveau, Yves; Thiffault, Évelyne, & Bélanger, Nicolas (2013). Influence of afforestation on soil: The case of mineral weathering. Geoderma, 202-3, 18-29. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2013.03.004

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Content : Accepted Version
Item Type: Journal Articles
Refereed: Yes
Status: Published
Abstract: Although concerns have been raised that increased nutrient demand by fast growing tree species could deplete soil nutrient pools, recent research suggests that some species are able to obtain nutrients via soil mineral weathering. Hybrid poplars, which are fast growing and nutrient demanding species, are increasingly used in intensive silvicultural settings. Understanding whether hybrid poplars have an effect on long term nutrient availability and can promote soil mineral weathering is therefore important. We investigated the levels of base cations (i.e. K, Ca, Mg, and Na) of surface soils (0–20 cm) in 13 hybrid poplar plantations in Quebec, and compared the results with those of adjacent abandoned agricultural fields. To evaluate whether exchangeable base cation pools and non-exchangeable pools (i.e. those in the crystal lattice of minerals) were being depleted, we used a sequential leach with diluted salt (BaCl2 for exchangeable) and weak acid solutions (HCl and HNO3 for non-exchangeable). Levels of exchangeable and non-exchangeable cations were not statistically different between land use types. Exploratory analyses, however, revealed trends toward a greater depletion of Ca, Mg and Na in non-exchangeable forms following afforestation. The depletion of these non-exchangeable base cations due to afforestation occurred at sites where greater levels were initially present in soil. The results suggest increased soil mineral weathering due to greater amounts of minerals susceptible to dissolution and, in part, high clay content. Based on Ca, Mg and K concentrations of the different leaches and their molar ratios (Ca/ΣAl + Fe, Mg/ΣAl + Fe and K/ΣAl + Fe), we propose a lesser role of soil mineral weathering on Ca cycling than Mg and K, which could lead to faster depletion of exchangeable Ca pools of the surface soil due to fast growth and high Ca demand by the poplars.
Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S...
Depositor: Bélanger, Nicolas
Owner / Manager: Nicolas Bélanger
Deposited: 26 Oct 2014 19:39
Last Modified: 16 Jul 2015 00:46

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