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Leaf litter decomposition and nutrient release characteristics of several willow varieties within short-rotation coppice plantations in Saskatchewan, Canada [r-libre/418]

Hangs, Ryan D.; Schoenau, Jeff J.; Van Rees, Kenneth C. J.; Bélanger, Nicolas, & Volk, Timothy A. (2014). Leaf litter decomposition and nutrient release characteristics of several willow varieties within short-rotation coppice plantations in Saskatchewan, Canada. Bioenergy Research, 7 (4), 1074-1090. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12155-014-9431-y

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[img]  PDF - Hangs et al 2014a.pdf
Content : Accepted Version
 
Item Type: Journal Articles
Refereed: Yes
Status: Published
Abstract: Quantifying short-rotation coppice (SRC) willow leaf litter dynamics will improve our understanding of carbon (C) sequestration and nutrient cycling potentials within these biomass energy plantations and provide valuable data for model validation. The objective of this study was to quantify the decomposition rate constants (kBiomass) and decomposition limit values (LVBiomass), along with associated release rates (kNutrient) and release limits (LVNutrient) of nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), potassium (K), sulphur (S), calcium (Ca), and magnesium (Mg) of leaf litter from several native and exotic willow varieties during an initial four-year rotation at four sites within Saskatchewan, Canada. The kBiomass, LVBiomass, kNutrient, and LVNutrient values varied among the willow varieties, sites, and nutrients, with average values of 1.7 year-1, 79 %, 0.9 year-1, and 83 %, respectively. Tissue N had the smallest kNutrient and LVNutrient values, while tissue K and Mg had the largest kNutrient and LVNutrient values, respectively. The leaf litter production varied among willow varieties and sites with an average biomass accumulation of 7.4 Mg ha-1 after the four-year rotation and associated C sequestration rate of 0.2 Mg C ha-1 yr-1. The average contribution of nutrients released from leaf litter decomposition during the four-year rotation to the plant available soil nutrient pool across varieties and sites was 22, 4, 47, 10, 112, and 18 kg ha-1 of N, P, K, S, Ca, and Mg, respectively. Principal component analysis identified numerous key relationships between the measured soil, plant tissue, climate and microclimate variables and observed willow leaf litter decomposition and nutrient release characteristics. Our findings support the contention that SRC willow leaf litter is capable of enhancing both soil organic C levels and supplementing soil nutrient availability over time.
Official URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12155-01...
Depositor: Bélanger, Nicolas
Owner / Manager: Nicolas Bélanger
Deposited: 25 Oct 2014 20:59
Last Modified: 22 Jan 2016 20:02

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