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Non-invasive wearable devices for urinary incontinence detection—a mini review [r-libre/3108]

Ben Arous, Myriam; Haddar, Ines; Truong, Alex; Ayena, C. Johannes; Ouakrim, Youssef; El Kamel, Leila; Chikhaoui, Belkacem, & Mezghani, Neila (2023). Non-invasive wearable devices for urinary incontinence detection—a mini review. Frontiers in Sensors, 4, 1279158. https://doi.org/10.3389/fsens.2023.1279158

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Content : Published Version
License : Creative Commons Attribution.
Item Type: Journal Articles
Refereed: Yes
Status: Published
Abstract: People with urinary incontinence (UI) often face a significant social stigma feeling ashamed of their condition and worrying about others discovering it. In order to improve the quality of life of those with incontinence, recent technological advancements enabled the development of non-invasive devices for detecting urinary leakage (UL). However, no comprehensive study has been conducted to state the most suitable types of sensors and the fundamental features necessary to design such devices, while also pointing gaps for future research. To address this, we conducted a mini review using four electronic databases limiting our search to English-written papers published in peer-reviewed journals. We retrieved articles that met the chosen inclusion criteria and classified them based on sensor type used, its location, the detection technique employed, and whether it was an e-Textile design and a reusable product or not. Across the studies, UL was detected using different approaches leading to heterogeneous results. Electrodes commonly used as sensing elements, along with textile as substrate material, and an indicator of UL based on resistance value, appeared to be widely exploited. However, the outcomes were not correlated with any specific type of UI. Consequently, we hypothesize that any non-invasive device could potentially be used for different types of UI. Nevertheless, further studies need to be conducted to confirm this statement. The designed literature mapping provides readers with an overview of the recent non-invasive wearable technologies in UL detection and offers a roadmap for future innovations.
Official URL: https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fsens...
Depositor: Ayena, Johannes
Owner / Manager: Johannes Ayena
Deposited: 28 Nov 2023 15:54
Last Modified: 28 Nov 2023 15:54

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