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Mandatory Versus Voluntary GHG Emissions Disclosures and Credit Risk [r-libre/2609]

Maaloul, Anis, & Wegener, Matthew (2021). Mandatory Versus Voluntary GHG Emissions Disclosures and Credit Risk. Social and Environmental Accountability Journal. https://doi.org/10.1080/0969160X.2021.2018001

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Content : Accepted Version
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Item Type: Journal Articles
Refereed: Yes
Status: Published
Abstract: The aim of this study is to examine the effect of GHG emission performance, as disclosed through voluntary versus mandatory channels, on credit risk (credit ratings and cost of debt). Two different channels are examined: voluntary disclosures made through the CDP and mandatory disclosures made through the EPA. Using a sample of US S&P 500 firms that have voluntarily/mandatorily disclosed their GHG emissions from 2010 to 2016, our results show that GHG emissions disclosures made through both channels have a negative effect on S&P credit ratings. These results imply that credit rating agencies incorporate GHG emissions in their credit assessment of a firm. However, our results show that only the GHG emissions mandatorily disclosed have a significant effect on cost of debt. These results imply that US lenders take into account, in their own lending decisions, only mandatory GHG emissions disclosures made through the EPA and not the voluntary ones made through the CDP. Additional analyses shows that these results are driven by firms in carbon intensive sectors and by firms with speculative grade ratings/high cost of debt. Overall, we conclude that credit market participants (credit rating agencies and creditors), as major stakeholders, make firms accountable for their carbon profile.
Official URL: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09691...
Depositor: Maaloul, Anis
Owner / Manager: Anis Maaloul
Deposited: 11 Apr 2022 14:50
Last Modified: 11 Apr 2022 14:50

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