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The allocation of playing behavior of children in mainstream day care according to social reinforcer ratios [r-libre/1346]

Caron, Pier-Olivier; Forget, Jacques, & Rivard, Mélina (2017). The allocation of playing behavior of children in mainstream day care according to social reinforcer ratios. European Journal of Behavior Analysis, 18 (2), 242-250. https://doi.org/10.1080/15021149.2017.1309956

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Content : Published Version
 
Item Type: Journal Articles
Refereed: Yes
Status: Published
Abstract: Previous works on the generalized matching law in natural settings studied behavioral patterns of participants having developmental disabilities. From a translational view (applying findings from basic science to applied research and reciprocally), it is of interest to evaluate the sensitivity of typical behavior to reinforcement among typical children. In the current study, we examined the relationship between children’s naturally occurring rate of play behaviors and rate of social reinforcers awarded by their educator and peers. Three typical children’s behaviors were observed via descriptive analyses in their usual day care room during periods of free play. Results show that the generalized matching law explained 94%, 73%, and 90% of the variance of the relation between behavior and reinforcer rate ratios and that children’s behaviors were sensitive to social attention (sensitivity of .88, .67, and .87). Allocation of playing behaviors of typical preschool children followed the matching law predictions. The natural variability of response and reinforcer rates (their unpredictability) within natural settings is discussed. We suggest that there may be no need in natural settings to wait for the operant to reach a steady state as long as participants have been consistently behaving in the contingencies of reinforcement.
Official URL: http://www.tandfonline.com/eprint/MjcXJVHTSwrT3Xed...
Depositor: Caron, Pier-Olivier
Owner / Manager: Pier-Olivier Caron
Deposited: 09 Jan 2018 14:51
Last Modified: 01 Jan 2019 06:15

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